How does the Bologna Process work?
BFUG Chairs and Vice-Chair
With the Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Ministerial Conference in 2009, the Bologna Process is co-chaired by the country holding the EU presidency and a non-EU country. Moreover, the host country of the next Ministerial conference is nominated as the Vice-Chair.
Chairs and Vice-Chair from the creation of the EHEA
|Semester||EU-Presidency||Chair from non-EU country||Vice-Chair|
|From Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve to Bucharest/Vienna|
|1 July - 31 December 2010||Belgium||Albania||Romania|
|1 January - 30 June 2011||Hungary||Andorra|
|1 July - 31 December 2011||Poland||Armenia|
|1 January - 30 June 2012||Denmark||Azerbaijan|
|From Bucharest/Vienna to Yerevan|
|1 July - 31 December 2012||Cyprus||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Armenia|
|1 January - 30 June 2013||Ireland||Croatia|
|1 July - 31 December 2013||Lithuania||Georgia|
|1 January - 30 June 2014||Greece||Kazakhstan|
|1 July - 31 December 2014||Italy||Holy See|
|1 January - 30 June 2015||Latvia||Iceland|
|From Yerevan to Paris|
|1 July - 31 December 2015||Luxembourg||Liechtenstein||France|
|1 January - 30 June 2016||Netherlands||Moldova|
|1 July - 31 December 2016||Slovakia||Montenegro|
|1 January - 30 June 2017||Malta||Norway|
|1 July - 31 December 2017||Estonia||Russian Federation|
|1 January - 30 June 2018||Bulgaria||Serbia|
|From Paris to ...|
|1 July - 31 December 2018||Austria||Switzerland||Italy|
|1 January - 30 June 2019||Romania||"The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"|
|1 July - 31 December 2019||Finland||Turkey|
|1 January - 30 June 2020||Croatia||Ukraine|
Each country is responsible to nominate a person who will be in charge of fulfilling the tasks of the chairmanship. The Chairs have a joint responsibility to take forward the aims and actions laid down by the Ministers responsible for Higher Education in the Bologna Declaration and subsequent Communiqués of ministerial conferences. The Co-Chairs, in close cooperation with the Vice-Chair, chair the Bologna Ministerial Meetings and the Bologna Policy Forum as well as the sessions of the BFUG and the BFUG board. The Co-Chairs jointly represent the EHEA in European and international meetings. In the decision-making process the Chairs assume the responsibility to lead the way towards compromise and to provide political impetus for moving the Bologna Process forward.
The Co-Chairs may delegate tasks, such as external representation, to the Vice-Chair. The Vice-Chair ensures continuity between the rotating chairmanships.
Chairs before the creation of the EHEA (before 2010)
From Leuven-Louvain-la-Neuve 2009
With the Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Communiqué in 2009 the Ministers decided that in the future, the Bologna Process would be co-chaired by the country holding the EU presidency and a non-EU country. To put this decision into practice, the Bologna Follow-up Group at its meeting in Stockholm on 28-29 September 2009 agreed:
- to treat the EU Presidency and the non-EU country as two chairs (rather than as chair and co-chair) to signal very clearly that the Bologna Process will be chaired on equal footing by the EU Presidency and a non-EU country.
- to leave it to each chairing team to define the exact division of tasks between the two chairs and the vice chair(s)
- to start the new chairing arrangement on 1 July 2010.
- to apply the alphabetical order when designating the chair from a non-EU country.
- to adjust the composition of the BFUG Board by replacing the three elected members with the outgoing, present and incoming non-EU chairs.
From Prague to Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve 2001-2009
Immediately after Prague, inter-governmental structures for the Bologna process were established. Based on decisions of the Prague Communiqué, the former “enlarged group” became the Follow-up Group of the Bologna Process (BFUG). The group was presided by the consecutive EU-Presidencies.
- Belgium (2nd semester 2001)
- Spain (1st semester 2002)
- Denmark (2nd semester 2002)
- Greece (1st semester 2003)
- Italy (2nd semester 2003)
- Ireland (1st semester 2004)
- Netherlands (2nd semester 2004)
- Luxembourg (1st semester 2005)
- United Kingdom (2nd semester 2005)
- Austria (1st semester 2006)
- Finland (2nd semester 2006)
- Germany (1st semester 2007)
- Portugal (2nd semester 2007)
- Slovenia (1st semester 2008)
- France (2nd semester 2008)
- Czech Republic (1st semester 2009)