Lisbon Recognition Convention
Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region - Treaty No.165.
The Convention has been jointly drafted by the Council of Europe and UNESCO. It is designed to streamline the legal framework at European level and to replace in the long run six conventions adopted in this matter by the Council of Europe or UNESCO.
The Convention aims to facilitate the recognition of qualifications granted in one Party in another Party. It provides that requests should be assessed in a fair manner and within a reasonable time. The recognition can only be refused if the qualification is substantially different from that of the host country - and the onus is on its educational institution to prove that it is. Each State, the Holy See or the European Union inform either depository of the Convention of the authorities which are competent to make different categories of decisions in recognition cases.
Two bodies, namely the Committee of the Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region and the European Network of National Information Centres on Academic Mobility and Recognition (the ENIC Network) are to oversee, promote and facilitate the implementation of the Convention. The Committee is responsible for promoting the application of the Convention and overseeing its implementation. To this end, it can adopt, by a majority of the Parties, recommendations, declarations, protocols and models of good practice to guide the competent authorities of the Parties. Before making its decisions, the Committee seeks the opinion of the ENIC Network. As for ENIC Network, it upholds and assists the practical implementation of the Convention by the competent national authorities.
Chart of signatures and ratifications of Treaty 165 - Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region
Recognition of Degrees and Study periods
In June 2004, a Recommendation on the Recognition of Joint Degrees was adopted as a subsidiary text to the Lisbon Recognition Convention.
In June 2013, a Recommendation on the use of Qualifications Frameworks in the Recognition of foreign qualifications was adopted as a subsidiary text to the Lisbon Recognition Convention.
The development of national qualifications frameworks provides a new tool for transparency and comparability for the recognition of qualifications. The Recommendation takes notes of this situation and indicates general guidelines for their use.