Qualifications Frameworks / Three-Cycle System 2007-2009
Qualifications Frameworks / Three-Cycle System
Qualifications frameworks describe the qualifications of an education system and how they interlink.
National qualifications frameworks describe what learners should know, understand and be able to do on the basis of a given qualification as well as how learners can move from one qualification to another within a system.
National qualifications frameworks are developed to be compatible with the overarching framework of qualifications of the European Higher Education Area, which was adopted in 2005 and consists of three cycles (e.g. bachelor, master, doctorate). The overarching framework makes recognition of qualifications easier since specific qualifications can be related to a common framework.
The framework of qualifications for the European Higher Education Area - May 2005
For more details read the 2005 background report and visit the section about qualifications frameworks in the European Higher Education Area in 2007-2009. This section contains important information on qualifications frameworks, which have become an essential instrument in developing the European Higher Education Area, and provides updates on relevant events and developments at European, regional or national level.
A Framework for Qualifications of the European Higher Education Area 2005
For more information on the third cycle, read our section on doctoral education in 2007-2009.
Qualifications Frameworks in the EHEA
- Overarching frameworks
- National Qualifications Frameworks
- Sources and ressources
- Bologna Coordination Group for Qualifications Frameworks 2007-2009
A Coordination Group was formed, with the Council of Europe providing Chair and secretariat.
The Council of Europe also encouraged regional cooperation in South East Europe and in New Independent States. In South East Europe a regional network on qualifications frameworks has been established.
The Coordination Group signalled that implementation of national qualifications frameworks demands a lot of efforts at national level and proposes that self-certifications of the national qualifications frameworks against the overarching Qualifications Framework for the European Higher Education Area should be completed or prepared by 2012.
- “Learning outcomes based higher education: the Scottish experience” hosted by the Scottish Government at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (Scotland) on 21-22 February 2008.
- A Forum on Qualifications Frameworks, organised by the Council of Europe, was held in Strasbourg (France) on 11-12 October 2007.
- “Aligning National against European Qualifications Frameworks: the principles of self-certification” was organized by Georgia in cooperation with the Council of Europe at Tbilisi (Georgia) on 27-28 November 2008.
Qualifications Frameworks in the EHEA - 2009
This section has been developed in 2009 by the Council of Europe, the Bologna Secretariat and the Coordination Group on Qualifications Frameworks to provide important...
Overarching framework of qualifications of the EHEA - 2009
The overarching framework of qualifications of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA Framework or QF-EHEA) was adopted by the Ministers of Education of the Bologna...
National Qualifications Frameworks - 2009
All countries of the European Higher Education Area have committed to developing national qualifications frameworks compatible with the overarching framework of the...
Bibliography on Qualifications frameworks - 2009
This section seeks to present an overview of web sites, articles and publications that are relevant to qualifications frameworks (updated in 2009). Where possible,...
CG Qualifications frameworks 2007-2009
The Bologna Coordination Group for Qualifications Frameworks is established under the authority of the Bologna Follow Up Group to assist and advice the Council of...
Glossary on Qualifications frameworks - 2005
This glossary was contained in the report of the Bologna working group on qualifications frameworks submitted to and accepted by the 2005 Bergen Ministerial meeting.